Минфин России рассказал, на какие суммы налоговики могут оштрафовать физлиц за сдачу жилья без уплаты НДФЛ

Евгений Шелест

ArturVerkhovetskiy / Depositphotos.com

Соответствующие разъяснения содержатся в письме Департамента налоговой и таможенной политики Минфина России от 27 ноября 2018 г. № 03-04-05/85652. Финансисты напомнили, что ведение предпринимательской деятельности без постановки на учет в налоговой инспекции в качестве ИП влечет взыскание штрафа в размере 10% от доходов, полученных в течение ведения такой деятельности без регистрации. При этом штраф не может быть менее 40 тыс. руб. (п. 2 ст. 116 Налогового кодекса). В отдельных случаях при сдаче в аренду помещений деятельность физлица могут признать предпринимательской и доказать это в судебном порядке.

Непредставление декларации по форме 3-НДФЛ в налоговую инспекцию по месту учета влечет взыскание штрафа в размере 5% от не уплаченной в срок суммы налога за каждый полный или неполный месяц начиная со дня, когда декларация должна быть представлена. Но размер штрафа ограничен 30% указанной суммы и не может быть менее 1 тыс. руб. (п. 1 ст. 119 НК РФ).

Нужно ли декларировать доходы от сдачи имущества в аренду если квартира сдается на сутки? Узнайте из материала «НДФЛ с доходов физических лиц от сдачи имущества в аренду» в «Энциклопедии решений. Налоги и взносы» интернет-версии системы ГАРАНТ. Получите полный доступ на 3 дня бесплатно!

Финансовое ведомство отметило, что с полученных доходов арендодатели обязаны заплатить НДФЛ по ставке 13%, если физлицо является резидентом Российской Федерации. Налог необходимо уплатить не позднее 15 июля года, следующим за годом получения дохода. А представить декларацию – не позднее 30 апреля (п. 4 ст. 228, п. 1 ст. 229 НК РФ). Добавим, что обязанность физлиц по самостоятельному исчислению и уплате налога прописана в подп. 1 п. 1 ст. 228 НК РФ.

Напомним, что налоговые инспекторы в составе комиссий могут проводить рейды для выявления случаев сдачи в аренду квартиры без уплаты НДФЛ.

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